TAKING ADVANTAGE OF TAX-FREE SHOPPING
Value Added Tax, or VAT, can be considered a type of consumption tax. In Japanese, it is called shōhizei (消費税). The current tax rate in Japan is 8% (as of April 2018).
If you are traveling in Japan as a tourist ("temporary visitor" status) and are staying in Japan for less than 6 months, you can enjoy tax-free shopping at stores that display the "Japan Tax-free Shop" logo and receive a refund of the VAT. There are over 40,000 stores nationwide (as of April 2017) that provide tax-free shopping service to foreign shoppers.
This service covers home electronics, clothes and kimono, handbags and footwear, groceries, beverages (including alcohol), medicines, supplements, cosmetics and more!
There are two ways to take advantage of tax-free shopping. Some stores will provide the tax-free discount at the time of purchase, while others (such as department stores) have Tax Refund Service Counters where you must go after you finish shopping. Please be aware that goods that can be purchased tax-free fall into two categories (consumable goods and general goods) with different rules and minimum amounts you must spend to qualify for a tax refund. You must also have your passport with you.
ITEMS THAT CAN BE PURCHASED TAX-FREE
Foods, beverages, medications, supplements, cosmetics, etc.
To receive the tax refund, goods must be purchased at the same shop on the same day, and the total amount spent must be between ¥5,000 and ¥500,000.
The goods must leave Japan within 30 days of the purchase date.
Home electronics, clothes, kimono, footwear, accessories, etc.
To receive the tax refund, goods must be purchased at the same store on the same day, and the total amount spent must be over ¥5,000.
(As of April 2018)
You cannot receive the tax refund if you intend to use the goods for resale or business purposes.
WHERE ARE TAX-FREE SHOPS?
Locate tax-free shops by looking for the logo below.
AM I ELIGIBLE?
Travelers with a "temporary visitor" status are eligible for tax-free shopping.
■ Foreigners who stay in Japan over 6 months are not eligible.
■ You are not eligible if you are working in Japan, even if you are staying in Japan for less than 6 months.
More information (in Japanese): http://www.mlit.go.jp/kankocho/tax-free/about.html
HOW DO I RECEIVE THE TAX REFUND?
Many stores will provide the refund at the time of purchase. Simply ask at the counter for menzei (免税), show them your passport, and enjoy the discount!
Other places, such as department stores, require you to pay the full price for the goods at the time of purchase and then visit a separate Tax Refund Service Counter to receive the refund. Bring your sales receipt(s) and all purchased items to the counter, and you will get the refund there. Please note that some stores may charge a separate fee for this service.
The staff will put your purchased items in a special sealed bag, listing the bag's contents on a sticker. They will then give you a Proof of Tax-Free Purchase document, which you must attach to your passport.
When you arrive at the airport to leave Japan, you must visit the customs counter and show them your passport with the attached Proof of Tax-Free Purchase document. After that, you are good to go!
Remember: Do not open the sealed bag during your stay in Japan. Otherwise, you will have to pay the full tax (8%) on the item at the airport.
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE
BETWEEN DUTY-FREE AND TAX-FREE?
A customs duty is a government fee charged on imports and exports, whereas the VAT is a levy on goods bought and sold in Japan. Sometimes English information found in Japan confuses the terms, so it is worth understanding the difference.
Duty-free shops are generally found only in international airports. They sell certain products, such as luxury brand items, perfumes, alcohol, and tobacco, which are exempt from customs duties on the proviso that they are leaving the country. Some of these products are exclusive to duty-free stores and cannot be bought anywhere else in Japan.
This is different from the VAT, which is a tax on goods sold everywhere within Japan. If you see a shop marked as duty-free somewhere other than at an airport, it is most probably an incorrectly labeled tax-free shop. Look for the "Japan Tax-free Shop" logo to make sure.